An Initiative by IIT Delhi Alumni

Home Safety Tips

Home Safety Tips

It is essential to keep our living space safe and secure by virtue of necessary provisions, precautions, awareness and timely action in the right direction. We have try to compile some of the basic guidelines to minimise the injuries / incidents due to negligence in day to day life.

Outside around the Home

  • Surround your property with a sturdy fence / Boundary wall & secured Gate with proper lights
  • Keep trees and bushes around your home trimmed and dry one should be removed
  • Install outdoor motion sensor lights and path lights
  • Keep steps simple, sturdy and textured to prevent slippages
  • Mark the edges of steps with bright or reflective tape to enhance the visibility during night
  • Consider installing an anti skid ramp with handrails as an alternative to the steps
  • Control the access to a swimming pool by fencing it with a locked gate, cover it, and closely supervising it when in use. Use water proof electrical system, maintain safe water levels, check insulation and water proofing. Make sure outside lighting is adequate.
  • Use motion light sensors that turn on lights automatically as you approach inside the house shall be conserve the energy.

Electrical safety

  • Get a licensed electrician to install overall electrical distribution system, fittings, fixtures, safety switches and any for repair work
  • Unplug tools whenever you take a break
  • Do not overload electrical sockets.
  • Place safety covers on all unused sockets
  • Use proper wattage to prevent overheating and risk of fire.
  • Prefer to use permanent wiring and avoid extension cords
  • Do not connect multiple extension cords
  • Do not use extension cords underneath rugs, carpets or furniture
  • Use night lights in the entrance ways and bathroom
  • Cover unused electrical outlets with childproof plugs
  • Use night lights or motion-sensor lights for easy navigation.
  • Ensure that driveways, pathways, and entry points  have adequate lighting
  • Keep electrical appliances dry and away from water at all times.
  • Use safety plugs in electrical outlets, use gloves, rubber slippers to reduce the possibility of shocks.

Fire Safety

  • Install smoke detectors, integrate smoke and heat detectors, check them regularly and replace the batteries as required
  • Keep fire extinguishers functional, handy and know how to use them
  • Establish a safety exit
  • Try to use fire resistant materials
  • Keep combustibles far from heat sources.
  • Install Fire sprinklers offer an additional  protection as the sprinkler can respond to fire while it is still small. Keep a fire extinguisher in the kitchen, bedrooms and other key locations
  • Install Fire alarms minutely monitors the environmental changes associated with combustion.
  • Create a fire escape plan
  • Make sure keys to all locked doors are readily accessible whenever required
  • Install smoke detectors in all important locations
  • Avoid wearing loose clothing when cooking

Doors & Windows provisions

  • Clearly mark your House Number on the Name plate at front Gate / Boundary wall
  • Invest in a Smart Doorbell
  • Ensure external doors are solid hardwood or metal with deadlocks
  • Protect vulnerable sliding doors.
  • Install a Deadbolt, Brace  & Door Jambs
  • Place a decal on glass at eye level to see glass panes
  • Make sure locks & CCTV are in place and are functioning correctly
  • Keep the provision of peephole or window to see incomings
  • Install security screens to external doors.
  • Prefer to have all external windows lockable
  • Provide windows with security film, roller shutters or security screens.
  • Secure your home’s windows with Double glazed or toughened glass
  • Make sure all of your windows have sturdy locks.
  • Install window guards  to keep children from falling out of windows.
  • Add Window Sensors to alert about unwanted activity
  • Add Glass Break Sensors

Living Room          

  • Use rigid, convenient and safe furniture
  • Adequate Lighting in the room and circulation area
  • Check on fire detector batteries annually to make sure they work properly


  • Use carpet staples, glue or double-sided tape to stick them down or just get rid of them altogether.
  • Take caution when using heating devices
  • Keep a sturdy nightstand next to the bed so water bottle, glasses and other personal items are within reach.


  • Use anti skid flooring materials
  • Use a nonskid rubber-backed mat or strips on the standing area of bathtub or shower.
  • Install shower and tub grab bars in contrasting color to the wall in the bathroom, around the toilet and the bathtub.
  • Set the water heater thermostat as recommended to prevent scalding.
  • Keep medications out of the reach of children and confused adults
  • Install a lid lock on all toilets
  • Install the safety latches on bathroom cabinets and drawers
  • Ensure that the bathroom door doesn’t lock. Use door locks that can be opened from both sides


  • Keep a distance between fire sources and flammable objects
  • Leave space around appliances for proper ventilation
  • The electrical points should be located as per appliances and other usages
  • Install good quality safety latches on drawers and cabinets
  • Post emergency phone numbers at easily accessible place like refrigerator.
  • Install childproof door latches on storage cabinets and drawers
  • Install proper chimney, exhaust  & ventilation system
  • Use accessories to handle hot stuff


  • Keep Walkways and Stairways clear, clean & dry
  • Install stable and sturdy railing on both sides of the stairs extend at least one railing between first and  last step.
  • Ensure that the distance between the rails is narrow
  • Tape all area rugs to the floor fix so they do not move when you walk on them.
  • Keep walkways clear of clutter, especially electrical and telephone cords.
  • Make sure that staircase steps should have rough and  non skid surface
  • Install light switches at the top and bottom of stairs with adequate lights
  • Cover stair steps and landing with  carpet or apply nonskid strips.
  • Place bright, contrasting colored tape on the top and bottom of steps of stairways.
  • Banister posts gap
  • should not be more than four inches

General Home safety tips

  • Read all operating instructions and manufacturer warnings before using the chemicals & equipment
  •  Use round-ended study furniture, and avoid sharp objects and accessories
  • Arrange furniture and other objects so they are not in the way.
  • Cover outlets, ground appliances, and coil extension cords when not in use
  • Ensure the floor is always clean, clear and dry
  • Make sure all walkways, rooms, kitchen, bathrooms, stairs, and paths are well lit and clear of objects
  • Clear clutter that is obstructing walkways.
  • Maintain external steps and walkways in good condition and clear of debris
  • Make sure indoor and outdoor walkways are properly lit, especially at night.
  • Install quality locks
  • Display visual signsUse textured strips on hardwood and tile floors to prevent skidding
  • Keep your space clean and organized
  • Learn First Aid
  • Follow safety checklist for LPG Cylinder
  • Reinforce & equip Entry Points
  • Practice Safe Behaviors & attitude of occupants

Installation of perfect Building Automation System  with motion-sensor, video camera, CCTV,  alarm, panic button, safety screen, intercom & mobile connectivity with all other latest safety features and Regular monitoring and corrective measures needs to be taken on top priority. Hold a family meeting to discuss security plans frequently. It is imperative to keep necessary safety provisions with adequate quality and specifications during construction and strictly follow the safety norms by occupants with ultimate care, precautions, instant actions, awareness and corrective measures to create  safe, convenient and secured living environment.